20 Aralık 2013 Cuma

Jewish Museum of İstanbul

Istanbul’s Quincentennial Turkish Jewish Museum is one of the hidden museums of the city, which stands in Karaköy Square at Hırdavatçılar bazaar. The building, which is 342 years old, is a synagogue that served the city’s Jewish community under the name of the Zülfaris Synagogue between 1671 and 1985. The museum tells the stories of Turkey’s Jews.

The founder of the museum, writer and historian Naim Güleryüz, said that while the museum is not a Louvre or Topkapı Museum, it has its own distinctive voice.

In 1492, 120,000 Jewish people were forced to leave Spain and later on Sultan Bayezid II welcomed 90,000 of them to the Ottoman Empire. The Jewish people who settled began to spread to different parts of the Empire, bringing with them their distinctive culture and knowledge.

In 1992, 500 years after the Jewish people first came to the Ottoman Empire, the museum was been established. This historical episode for the Jewish people was commemorated by the founding of the museum, said Güleryüz. The aim of the establishment of the museum was to thank the Turkish nation and recognize their humanist approach.

The sections of the museum include different artifacts corresponding to different areas. It is impossible to see the entrance unless a visitor goes down the dead-end Perçemli Street. The entrance of the garden reveals an inscription from the Torah, “Your will protects the city’s peace and pray to God for this.”

After entering through this door, the visitor reaches a room used to for praying. This part is the ethnographic section of the museum and contains a chest, which is a symbol of marriage.

Many photographs are displayed on the walls of the museum. These photos depict many marriages, which took place from Edirne to Gaziantep, between the years of 1876 to 1976. The people in these photographs are dressed up in traditional clothes from old times and reflect the traditions of the Jewish people.

In this section the room also contains a large chair, used for the circumcision ceremony. “When some of the Muslim visitors see that chair, they are amazed to see that we have circumcision,” Güleryüz said.
The exhibit also provides information about Jewish weddings. The museum also gives examples of the similarities between Turkish and Jewish traditions.

The museum promotes, both within the country and abroad, the story of 700 years of amity between Turks and Jews. It also shows how the two cultures have influenced each other over the past 700 years, and also conveys the humanitarian spirit of the Turkish nation.

After the ethnographic area of the museum, the visitors are directed to the upper part of the building and into the second room. At the entrance of this room, a photo of Albert Einstein is displayed.

In all the Jewish Museums on the world there is a genocide corner, Güleryüz said. However, “in this museum we have an ‘honor’ corner because we did not experience that during the Second World War,” he added.

The museum also exhibits a copy of the letter from Einstein to the president of the Turkish Republic during that time, saying that Turkey should open its arms to Jewish academics. Many Turkish diplomats rescued Jewish academics from the concentration camps in Europe with Turkish passports. The Jewish academics are displayed and commemorated in the museum.

The yellow stars that Jewish people were obliged to wear are also displayed in the museum, revealing the suffering that they had to endure.

 Museum Hours:
Mondays to Thursdays: 10:00 - 16:00
Friday: 10:00 - 14:00
Sunday: 10:00 - 14:00
We are closed on Saturdays and Religious Holidays.

Hiç yorum yok:

Yorum Gönder